Extraordinary Ulo crater, chullpas of Pella, the valley of cactus and the colonial church of the Pella community in the municipality of Llica starting from Uyuni


Llica is a town in southwestern Bolivia. Llica is the capital of the municipality of the same name llica. Llica belongs to the province Daniel Campos of the department of Potosi.
Llica is located 180 km west of Uyuni in a time of 2 hours in a 4×4 vehicle is Llica ִ to a height of 3680 meters

The municipality is divided into 8 cantons: Llica; Tres Cruces; Chacoma; Palaya; Cahuana; San Pablo de Napa; Canquella; and Huanaque.
It is located north of Uyuni salar and southeast of Coipasa, so it is frequented by tourists.
The village of Llica has adobe houses, crafts and textiles are sold llama wool and a small Municipal Accommodation.

An attractive chullpas Llica are another attraction is the crater made by a meteorite Ulo. Also an attractive valley cactus and the colonial church of the community of Pella. A chullpa or chullpar is an ancient Aymara funerary tower, round or angular base, originally built for people of high status in the Aymara and Inca culture.

The chullparia Collao tradition dates from the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, after the fall of Tiwanaku and its use as mausoleum is traditional authorities quickly to the highlands surrounding areas until early sixteenth century (colonial-early).

Most chullpas were made of clay, but in the community of Pella, there are 2 chullpas Llica made of stone.

In general, the chullpas stone there are some made of polished and bonded stone without mortar (the Inca style) which may be square base or round, and there are others made with small stones together with mortar of mud and straw , forming towers or cones.

In the case of clay chullpas, most are square or rectangular base with different designs and even pictorial motifs where red, yellow and white green and blue predominate, to a lesser extent. Some have stone base and trapezoidal body, which in some cases was reversed entry doors in the mud chullpas is diverse, and there are square, triangular or ogival doors. The polychromatic chullpas were performed with two different techniques, the first was to make colored clay bricks which were then placed shaping geometric motifs; the other technique was to make the structure with clay uncolored and then coat it with geometric pieces of colored clay.

Most chullpas mud like stone had their doors or income oriented east toward the sunrise to allow solar energy oxygenate construction, although there are some chullpas with 2 openings, one opposite the other; chullpas with doors and aimed at other cardinal points.
Undoubtedly, the Chullpas were used to bury the “mallkus” or “ethnic leaders”; its practical purpose was to protect the body in order to receive veneration, but also served as a reminder of power that “mallku” exercised in life and continued to exercise. The veneration of “mallku ‘in (both Aymara, Quechua, and puquina uro) Andean culture served to strengthen family ties.
It is important to note that most chullpas were not exclusive to the “mallku” but also harbored the bodies of their wives and families, and there are traces of burials of servants who were killed during funerals. In some cases we found niches in and out of the chullpas that might contain idols or valuables for mallku, in some chullpas has been documented that in those niches placed one k’ero containing chicha.

The chullpa was not only necessary for burial, since the bodies were in textiles or leathers auquénido, in other cases were put on ichu or baskets made of woven reeds. Some chullpas were placed underground chambers where the bodies.

It is also known that in some cases the chullpas also served as territorial landmarks, considering that each manor had subdivisions and they had leaders who were gaining prestige by increasing their economic or military power.

Regarding the crater Ulo, legend has it that a meteorite fell in place for millions and over time a small salar was formed.

Ulo crater is unique in its kind, located 18 km. West Llica is presented as an “impact crater” ie, a depression caused by a meteorite impact on Earth’s surface.

According to community members in the area, Ulo crater has special characteristics, in the rainy season, enter any water, and if observed from the hill, the color of the water changes permanently.

This depression is surrounded by hillsides where you can hike and the heights of these slopes offer a very interesting natural viewpoint.

Among the fauna species are the Andean cat, vizcachas, pumas and llamas.
From Uyuni you plan to visit in one day the chullpares of pre-Inca cultures in Llica and Crater Volcano Ulo going towards the Hito 41 in the Bolivian-Chilean border.

As the trip from Uyuni takes 2 hours in van 4×4 planning to leave after breakfast and arrive mid-morning to early lunch and take a lot of energy to be with go Ulo volcano crater. Up to the crater takes 2 to 3 hours. Within the same crater is cañadones. The crater is 1.5 km long and 1.5 k wide and a depth of 400 meters, the crater of Ulo is 3800 meters.

By midafternoon it would Llica to eat something consistent that replenish the energy consumed in the ride and enjoy the beauty of the colonial church in Pella and get ready to go see the strengths of the chullpas through the valley of the cactus to the which should have about 3 hours in the Pella community.

At the end of the afternoon return to Uyuni and it would be undertaken in two hours and would be in the town of Uyuni.

 

The cost of the tour includes:
Private transport – Round trip
Food (breakfast, lunch and dinner)
Lodging
Refreshments during the tours (water, cookies and fruit)
Entrance tickets for the mentioned places
Interaction with the local people in order to take pictures,
Depending on visitors, there is a guide in Spanish, French, English, German, Dutch, Italian, and Portuguese

The cost of the trip does not include:

Repellent against mosquito
Sunscreen
Raincoat
Cap sun protection
Thick and warm clothes against the cold and wind
Extra walking shoes
Towels, swimsuit
Alcoholic and non-Alcoholic Beverages
Personal expenses

 

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