Rest in “Arque” memory of President René Barrientos, visit the Valle Alto de Cochabamba: Punata, Arani and Cliza (3 days and 2 nights)

Rest in “Arque” memory of President René Barrientos, visit the Valle Alto de Cochabamba: Punata, Arani and Cliza (3 days and 2 nights)

Arque Province , founded on December 7, 1882 , during the government of General Narciso Campero, is located in the southwestern Andean region of Cochabamba , at an altitude between 2635 and 4375 meters above sea level, has two municipalities : Arque and Tacopaya .

The climate of the province Arque is varied because it includes part of the Andes Mountains and the villages are settled both in the highland part as in the high valleys where there is a wide range of physical and biological variety , with a rugged topography and multiplicity of agro ecological zones , there are beautiful mountains and deep landscapes, colorful paintings seem slopes by sand types , geological floors, has a historical and cultural natural wealth.

Arque he was a former railway station on the road between Cochabamba and Oruro , when running the national railway company ENFE of Bolivia until 1996 he was transferred to private capital and to be a stretch to many landslides that ruined the railroad decided now stop and transit by land

The town of Arque is 131 kilometers from the city of Cochabamba. In full main square is a house in the fifteenth century in its wall has written the phrase ” house built in 1522 ” supposedly by the Spaniards when they invaded the territory of America, in the place that is now Arque is a town where traditions and customs are respected, the church is one of the oldest in Bolivia . At 6 in the morning until before 7am bells ring to call people to the celebration of Mass .

In this church is the birthplace of the Madonna Rosario , whose feast day is celebrated 6 to 9 October with the visit of many Catholics. On the feast of the Madonna Rosary devoutly observed through dances and folk groups . The holidays can enjoy all the local cuisine , one of the typical dishes of beans stew ( pejtu ) , tamales or humintas to the pot, broken wheat with no cream cheese ( Phiri ) , the whole rabbit fried, fake rabbit, chicken chanka , all accompanied by the delicious chicha prepared on site .

Arque is at the head of the valley, is situated right near the middle of the canyon between two hills that make gloomy or dark. Arque founding dates back to the originating indigenous Challacollo , delegation of Paria province of La Plata in the Spanish colonial era .

Arque passes near the river ” Colcha ” . Farms established in the colonial era and later in republican times leverage the strength of the waters of the ” Colcha ” river , the Arque river , the river Wallia to operate the stone mills installed on farms to grind wheat produced in the region and then to make the traditional bread Arque and exquisite pies with sweet lacayote or pumpkin.

For students in zoology, biology and environment in the town of Arque dominated the hare, rat, mouse, vizcacha, weasel, fox, these species are indicators of ecological balance in the area. For ornithologists, biologists, environmentalists and naturalists, Arque is a haven for wild birds. Arque has tarajchi (bird appropriates the oven built by another bird called baker or tiluchi so that when the builder arrives and sees invaded its nest, cover the entrance, leaving locked up and buried the invading bird Tarajchi until the tarajchi dies) . In Arque there are eagle, falcon, partridge, wild pigeon (Juruk’utitas). In all the homes of the residents of Arque is inevitable chicken and duck and poultry, which then provide the delicious meat for the preparation of delicious dishes
The stay in Arque, also allows you to enjoy nature with its mineral wealth and visit the former territories of the farms that after the land reform and the development of peoples gave rise to the municipality of Sicaya.

In the municipality of Arque there are deposits of iron, particularly in the Changolla district. Iron is a wealth that is just beginning to explode.
In Arque, especially in the mining centers of Cerro Grande, Ornoni, Berenguela and Tujsuma large volumes of silver, tin and complex minerals are exploited. These minerals are marketed directly to Oruro, by the proximity and the marketability of minerals, since in Arque no mining mills.
The Cerro Grande, Berenguela and Tujsuma mines are owned COMSUR. These mines are producing center of Cochabamba minerals. The exploitation of these mines reached up to 60 percent of the exploitation of tin Cochabamba between 1960 and 1970. This mining center with about 900 miners worked in three shifts.
On non-metallic mineral, calcareous deposits Arque, Sicaya, Higuerani and Orcoma been industrially exploited since 1940 and were transported by rail and truck to Cochabamba and Oruro.

The main areas of operation were Sicaya, Higuerani, Orcoma, Irpa Irpa, Ramadas, Tunas Vinto, Ornon, Chapi Chapi, Sayani, Khalliri and others.
As you are already in Arque, you take advantage of the proximity of the mine to break into them.
Arque is a dormant potential.
In Arque you may take a dip in the hot springs of Cabra Cancha and Colcha. On the way to the enjoyment of nature you can meet the Arque river and the Inca ruins of Pucara or Callajchullpa. Although the climate of the Callajchullpa community is a steppe climate, the scenery can appreciate the exuberance of the Andean valley. The average annual temperature is 17.3 ° C Callajchullpa and annual rainfall is 593 mm.

From the west of Cochabamba you go through to the southeast of Cochabamba. In Southeast Cochabamta is the upper valley of Cochabamba, Bolivia barn.
The the high valley is one of the most attractive regions, located southeast of the region of Cochabamba. On the one hand is the history stored in the bowels of the high valley. Then there are the many festivities that still exist tradition of the Bolivian culture, while also contributing to tourism, agricultural, farming and the production of traditional beverages.

The Cochabamba´s high valley has 5 provinces and 16 autonomous municipalities which are Santiváñez, Arbieto, Tarata, Anzaldo, Sacabamba, Tolata, Cliza, Toco, San Benito, Punata, Villa Rivero, Cotacachi, Villa Gualberto Villarroel, Arani and Vacas.

The average annual temperature in Cochabamba’s high Valley is 17 ° C and the annual rainfall ranges from 400 mm to 600 mm.

Cochabamba´s High Valley has an area next to 4,000 km2. There is few population of brown skin and white skin in rural areas. There is many people in urban centers.

Most of the year enjoys good weather in these regions, helping agriculture where wheat and corn predominates; on the other hand, having a warm climate, several of the municipalities suffer no water, so they should expect the rains to work the land.

The history of Cochabamba `s high valley of major characters is the richness of Bolivian history, especially Tarata, as it was the home of several, as in the case of René Barrientos, military man who became president in 1966, known for creating the peasant military pact; Esteban Arce, who fought against the Spaniards for the liberation and independence of the High Peru and Mariano Melgarejo, president of Bolivia for six consecutive years.

During the year, several municipalities organize the traditional “fair peach,” where many tourists visiting to taste the different varieties of this fruit there.

Moreover, the “chicha” is the drink of the gods, sent from the pre-Inca cultures and especially the Inca culture. Chicha is used from time immemorial in the celebration of the challa for any rite.

Chicha is an alcoholic drink made with ground corn by a process that lasts seven days in brass pots boiling on a stove fueled with wood mud.

Punata chicha, Cliza chicha, Arani chicha are considered the best chicha in Bolivia, its tradition and fame, they became the main source of income of the place.

The Punata town has Republican buildings, with some colonial prototypes and a strong foray current buildings to replace the old ones. A remodeled main square has around public institutions in houses belonging to wealthy landowners and other purpose-built buildings.

The central nice buildings contrast with modest buildings away from the center. This fact,  allows a “reading” expressing the forms of appropriation of urban space in the colony and the republic until the agrarian reform, which contrasts with the current urban concepts.

In Punata, the farm house La Villa or Jarkamayu is important to visite: It was built about 1830. The first owner of the farm house La Villa or Jarkamayu was David Ardaya who transferred the farm house  to Severino Fuentes. Paulino Crespo Severino Fuentes had installed water mills. These mills were used by several people, some coming from above as Tiraque and subsequently a place visited by people from around the “Cochabamba Valley High” was formed. When the College Manuel Ascencio Villarroel was opened, the down floor served as a boarding school for boys and the top floor served as a boarding school for women. At present this ranch is uninhabited and still has the stone mills of the time, since they stopped working about in the years 1958-1960.
The Sivingani farm was built 1740. The first owner was Dr. Germán Lavayen, then was acquired for use by Miguel Zegarra. Subsequently Sivingani farm owned by Don Juan Delgadillo, then transferred the property to Father Natalio Delgadillo. He left a legacy to Camacho Delgadillo family, family of 10 children 6 males and 4 females. Currently the house is inhabited by four brothers: Asteria, Andrea, Hilarion Ramiro Camacho children Delgadillo Delgadillo and transit Natalio Camacho Fuentes.

The extension area was 20 hectares destined largely to maize and alfa alfa, to the present as they have the cattle from which the fresh cheese is made.

The Sivingani ranch house, it consists of two floors with a central courtyard, chapel and a second courtyard for crops and cattle. The house construction has unique feature of the colonial period: Walls of about 80 cm to 1.20 meters, with a staircase inside the plant that connects the 2 floor of the house and the 3rd floor where the balcony is. Also you can see the typical round windows located in the central part of the house. Stairs made of wood and wrought iron balconies like it, the 2 floor of the house. The gate is very important. The gate connects with the central patio of the house surrounded by small arches of half point.

The nested housing Sivingani chapel is home to the Virgin of Santa Ana. The feast of Our Lady of Santa Ana is celebrated each last days of July. This chapel holds within colonial paintings, including colonial paintings and old photographs (black and white) French reference, referring to saints like San Roque, San Antonio, San Pablo, San Pedro.

In Punata, corn and wheat are the most important source of food, the seeds of beans, and starchy carbohydrates (sugar varieties) as well as proteins, fats and vitamins. In another time, and the art of grinding grain for flour and its derivatives is known, is kneaded at home, our daily bread; today has industrialized its preparation, to enjoy a variety of: breads, muffins, pies, cookies, pastries, lampaganas and delicious rosquetes.

In the early years of the colony Augustinian priests settled in Arani. In Arani Augustinians built the first church of lofty dome, likewise, in Collpa Ciaco, they built the Convento de Santa Catalina (the oldest in the region); it reproduces the classic convent architectural model with a sober façade hierarchy for income and cloistered courtyard surrounded by galleries with arches, monumental work dating from 1570.

When you are in the high valley it is important to remember the history of Bolivia in Cliza. On August 2, 1953 the President of Bolivia, Dr. Victor Paz Estenssoro, in Ucureña, signed the decree law of agrarian reform under the basic principle “the land belongs to the tiller”, thus eliminating the landlord socioeconomic regime accordingly eliminating pongueaje system and put servitude or slave for the master of the estate, figure disappears land reform. Since the signing of the agrarian reform settlers and ancient pongos become owners of their farmland.

The town’s name comes from a story Ucureña of Ocuri in Potosi, where people knew a lady from Ocuri as Mama Ocureña, hence the place was called Ucureña. Also in Ucureña the first agricultural union of Bolivia was conceived. The November 27, 1936, in the heat of the Decree of mandatory unionization, responsible for Rural Affairs, Ministry of Labour, Eduardo Loureiro Arze-proposed Cliza farmers to organize themselves into unions to lease collectively extensive lands monastery of Santa Clara, located in La Loma, Cliza. This is the historical importance of visiting Cliza.

In the early years of the colony Augustinian priests settled in Arani. In Arani Augustinians built the first church of lofty dome, likewise, in Collpa Ciaco, they built the Convento de Santa Catalina (the oldest in the region); it reproduces the classic convent architectural model with a sober façade hierarchy for income and cloistered courtyard surrounded by galleries with arches, monumental work dating from 1570.

When you are in the high valley it is important to remember the history of Bolivia in Cliza. On August 2, 1953 the President of Bolivia, Dr. Victor Paz Estenssoro, in Ucureña, signed the decree law of agrarian reform under the basic principle “the land belongs to the tiller”, thus eliminating the landlord socioeconomic regime accordingly eliminating pongueaje system and put servitude or slave for the master of the estate, figure disappears land reform. Since the signing of the agrarian reform settlers and ancient pongos become owners of their farmland.

The town’s name comes from a story Ucureña of Ocuri in Potosi, where people knew a lady from Ocuri as Mama Ocureña, hence the place was called Ucureña. Also in Ucureña the first agricultural union of Bolivia was conceived. The November 27, 1936, in the heat of the Decree of mandatory unionization, responsible for Rural Affairs, Ministry of Labour, Eduardo Loureiro Arze-proposed Cliza farmers to organize themselves into unions to lease collectively extensive lands monastery of Santa Clara, located in La Loma, Cliza. This is the historical importance of visiting Cliza.

You start the trip after breakfast in Cochabamba. First you are traveling from Cochabamba to Arque for three hours. You arrive at the main square in Arque. In Arque eating a typical gastronomic specialty, either “rabbit stretched”, “fake rabbit” or “chicken chanka” and accompanied by the exquisite “chicha” prepared on site. You then visit the beautiful church of Our Lady of the Rosary, whose feast is celebrated from 6 to 9 October with the visit of many Catholics. You can also visit another house built in 1522. The trip to Arque to remind the place of death in helicopter of President René Barrientos. The day ends sharing dinner and overnight in Arque.

The next day, you walk in the tin mines in “Cerro Grande”, “Berenguela” and “Tujsuma”. You also bathe in the hot springs of “Colcha”. You also visit the ruins of the “Pucara” or Inca fortress (“Callajchullpa”) and at the end of the afternoon you depart from Arque straight Punata for the night.

In the upper valley, you have the opportunity to visit the farmhouse Sivingani with its chapel to the Virgin of Santa Ana and then to visit the farm house La Villa or Jarkamayu. After a typical lunch in the high valley of Cochabamba, you’ll visit the Convent of Santa Catalina, in Ciaco Collpa, Arani Township. If there is time to continue visiting, you reach Ucureña in Cliza, because Ucureña 1953 agrarian reform in Bolivia was instituted, eliminating the state of servitude which characterized employment on farms and from that time the land belongs to who works.

By late afternoon, you depart from the high valley of Cochabamba to return to the city of Cochabamba.

The cost of the tour includes:

Private transport – return
Food (breakfast, lunch-dinner)
Refreshments during walks (water, biscuits and fruit)
Accommodation
Tickets tickets to tourist sites mentioned in Arque, Punata, Arani and Cliza
Interaction with the locals to take pictures,
Depending on visitors, there is a guide in Spanish, French, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese.

The cost of the trip does not include:

Mosquito repellent
Sunscreen
Hat sunscreen
thick and warm clothes against the cold and wind
Extra walking shoes in case they get wet or embarren first walking shoes
Socks, towel, swimsuit
Waterproof clothing
alcoholic and non-alcoholic
Attachments to enter the mines (helmet to protect the head “guardatojo”, gloves, boots, flashlight)
Personal expenses

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