Samaipata Fortress (1 day)

Samaipata Fortress (1 day)

The strength of Samaipata is a prototype of rock art in larger impact on the world. Samaipata fortress is strategically located in the foothills of the eastern Andes, in the region of the eastern valleys of the department of Santa Cruz, in the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

The archaeological site of Samaipata was declared a World Heritage Site on December 2, 1998 by UNESCO for the cultural, because several cultures chose this site for its spiritual and religious ceremonial rites, as well as administrative and housing complexes.

The archaeological site of Samaipata is divided into two sectors: The ceremonial sector and the administrative sector.

The ceremonial sector is made up of a huge sandstone rock monolithic composition of 220 m long and 65 m wide. This rock is completely carved with depictions of animals and geometric shapes, niches, channels and containers filled with magical-religious significance. These carved into the rock shapes have been made with great skill and mastery of rocky material. This monument is one of the largest ceremonial works of the world. The rocky monument had a hydraulic use for purificatory and fertility rites, as a possible astronomical calendar, expressing the worldview of the people of the Inca and pre-Inca culture that performed. In the ceremonial worship it was given to the animals of the environment, such as representatives of their deities, such as the puma, jaguar, snake.

The administrative sector comprises sets of architectural structures corresponding to different periods of cultural settlement. Architectural structures correspond to administrative areas, surveillance, agricultural, military, commercial, craft workshops, and housing for the pre-Inca people, Inca and Spanish.

All the archaeological site is part of a site in total harmony with the environment, with stunning visual effects of great symbolic potential, considering its strategic position on the 4 corners. The distribution of architectural structures expresses the cosmological human creativity. This makes the archaeological site of Samaipata is a unique monument in the world. This archaeological site must require the presence of many specialists, not only carving, but the knowledge of engineering and architecture.

Samaipata fortress has been an area of junction between the main macro-regions of what is now Bolivia, such as the vast Amazon, Gran Chaco and the Andes.

Following the chronological detail of the presence of cultures in the archaeological site of Samaipata shown:

At first, it was a Mojocoya village (400-800 AD)
Then he was a ritual and ceremonial center of the great Grigotá Chané who carved zoomorphic figures of serpents, jaguars and puma in the rock (800-1450 AD)
A transit point for hardened Guarani (chiriguanos) (1300-1450 AD)
A ceremonial and administrative center of the Inca Empire (1450-1500 AD)
A provincial capital of the Inca empire, under construction (1500-1550 AD)
Finally, the Spanish colony, was a dairy farm and Spanish fort to ensure the route Asuncion, Paraguay union between the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and the Viceroyalty of Peru Lima (1550-1550 AD)

Samaipata is a Quechua word meaning “Rest in the heights”.

The museum’s Center for Archaeological Research Samaipata contains the findings of pre-Inca and Inca ceramics found during archaeological excavations of the archaeological site of Samaipata. Ceramics have different characteristics, such as colors, designs, paintings, zoomorphic forms and various differences that determine membership in the Mojocoya culture, Chane, yampara and Inca.

All this cultural and historical richness is in the town of Samaipata. Samaipata Florida is in the province of Santa Cruz department in the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

The strength of Samaipata is located at an altitude of 1,950 meters above sea level. On the contrary, the city of Samaipata is at an altitude 1670 meters above sea level. The colonial city of Samaipata was founded with the name of Valley City Purification of the Blessed Virgin, the 30of May 1618 by the Spanish Captain Pedro Escalante and Lucio Mendoza.

Samaipata was founded in honor of the new chapel built on the site called the descargadero (name given because people were unloading their goods to barter or trade).

Samaipata is at a distance of 120 km from the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Samaipata has a mild sub-tropical climate with an average annual temperature of 21 ° C, ranging between 15 and 25.

A journey of 10 hours is proposed to reach Samaipata 120 km from the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, diverting 6km Samaipata fort historical heritage of humanity.

You check the archaeological site of Samaipata. Samaipata is rest on the heights of the Mojocoya cultures, chane, Inca and Spanish. You check carving the only rock. The rock has niches, zoomorphic and other geometric figures.

Today, the tradition of stone carving is transmitted from father to son, through the stone carvers craftsmen decorative and utilitarian.

In order lunch you reach the village of Samaipata and is used to know Samaipata and to enter the museum from the center of archaeological investigations Samaipata.

 The cost of the tour includes:

Transport for the round for the turn, and wait for visitors
Food (lunch)
Refreshments during the rides (water and fruit)
Visits to tourist sites mentioned
Interaction with villagers
Depending on visitors, there is a guide in Spanish, French, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese.

The cost of the trip excludes:

Mosquito repellent
Sunscreen Block
Hat sunscreen
Walking shoes
Raincoat
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages
Individual personal expenses

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