Trekking to Cliza, the High Valleys’s heart. (1day)

Trekking to Cliza, the High Valleys’s heart. (1day)

The Cliza municipality  has as capital down town Villa Cliza. The Cliza municipality region has 6 cantons: Ana Rancho,  Chullpas, Huasacalle, Santa Lucía, Tolata and Ucureña.
Ucureña is a place in Cliza municipality region from August 2nd 1953 when the Agrarian Reform Law is signed in the Ucureña place.

On November 24th  1914 the Supreme Ordinance created  the first municipal section of the Germán Jordan County. Lastly, the year 1945, during the Presidency of the Cnl. Gualberto Villarroel, the name of the Cliza County was substituted by that of Tcnl. Germán Jordan, in honor to the national hero of the Chaco war, then  being the name of Cliza for the First Section and capital of the County Tcnl. Germán Jordan.
During pre-Columbian period, the Cliza valley, well-known as “Sachchaa Mukku”, means  “people who eat trees”. This region where the place for different  people groups like the Sapanas, Charcas, Aymaras, Quechuas, T’ockos. Before the Inca undertook the Jatun Kolla conquest, this territory was dominated by the caciques Ghari and Sapana, being this last one the most important.

The inhabitants of the Sachcha Mukku valley had the long hair, with a single braid, called sapana. This fact put the name Sapanas to this people. Their vivacity, audacity and rebelliousness made them to be known as those “adventurous”, expression that means in Quechua brave, impulsive, fearless, fighting and belligerent.

The ” daring ” nickname gave place to a new name for Sachcha Mukku valley. After the Spaniards conquered the Tawantinsuyu, the Quechua people were  as ” daring.”
Finally, the European conquerors converted the word later, ” daring ” in Cliza, due to typical modulations of the language.

Cliza is well-known as the “Valley Heart” in Cochabamba.  The temple of Madonna is at the main square “September 21”.  The Madonna celebration takes place on July  15th to 18th  and the San Isidro Farmer celebration by the ritual of Llank’akuy (working) on May 15th. Also the clock tower that dates from 1912. This clock tower is the oldest in the region. In Cliza there are traditional customs, in  the Pigeon Fair and in the Madonna Religious Festivity.
The Cliza hospitality is showed along the whole year in several traditional events like the Picana Fair, the tamale Fair and chicha Fair, when always there are roasted Pigeon. The roasted Pigeon Fair comes back to life the identity, which is municipality  characteristic.

The Cliza valley is recognized as the main corn producer. In the “Grains` Fair” there is the biggest variety in corn grains of Cochabamba department. The chicha production constitutes the main income source of the region.
At 4 km from Cliza is the Ucureña historical museum and the corn museum.  The name of Ucureña arises as many other names in the Cliza High Valley, starting from the modification to a word through the environment or a characteristic, like “Ucureña” comes from “Ucuri.”
“The oral tradition tells that a lady of the community came back from the Ucurí mines. This lady relates her mines story to all people. The solitary lady was recognized as “Ucuri Mommy”. Through the time, “Ucur” was so popular spoke of Ucuri. Until in some moment for constant repetition the word transforms from Ucuri, to Ocuri and then to Ucureña”

The canton Ucureña was place of the 1952 rural revolts. The canton Ucureña was gestated the first peasant agrarian union, well-known as Huasacalle, and the canton Ucureña was the place where the agrarian reformation Law was signed.
In January of 1953 it was organized an Agrarian Reformation Commission presided by the Vice-president Hernán Siles Suazo with members of politic parties of POR. PIR and MNR. On August 3 1953 in Ucureña, Cochabamba, was signed the Agrarian Reformation Law. By this ordinance offered compensation to the old landowners and it granted the lands from the country properties to the Indians through its unions and communities and forbidden to sell to personal title.
In the museum of Ucureña it is able to observe:

  • The First Union Agrarian Peasant of Bolivia 1936” is the picture that shows the first leaders who organized the first union inside the country property (Santa Clara), also the picture shows the image of other important leaders after the revolution of 1952.  
  • There are images setting the Agrarian Reformation signs in Ucureña:  1º formation of the first union, 2º foundation of the rural school in 1937, The purchase of 75 bushels in 1942 – 43, and the beginning and expulsion of the land owners  with the revolution begging from Ucureña. The museum shows coins and notes used in the time of the country property.
  • The High Valley Industry.- It shows the great economic activity of the High Valley, among those that instruments and some objects for the industry are shown for example molds, irons, cotton material for clothes making, corn tamales, tools for the chichi elaboration, soap, candles and daily home objects used by people to prepare their foods.  
  • The gears used in the farms time. – the women clothes and the men clothes in the farms period. The work farm tools as flashlights, yokes, jars, the damp corn, whip mattock,  sickles, slingshot and other complementary objects.
  • Cliza barn of Cochabamba. – it is presented the variety and colors of corn`s grains produced in Cliza. Thus there are relates about these corn`s grains though legends or traditions  likes pachamamas (land mother), the origin of the corn plant. This relates normally are told by old people.  
  • In the central part of the museum there are instruments used in the corn agriculture. Likewise there are the wood plow and the parts of wood plow. Also there are agriculture tools added after the 1952`s revolution.
  • The museum explains the Ch´ampa War after 1952. It explains the reasons of its beginning, its development, its name and its end.  
  • This trip proposes a full day trekking in the High Valleys heart. Cliza is a region of string people. Cliza is Bolivian Barn in the Germán Jordan with Cliza as capital.

The departure from Cochabamba city is early, after the breakfast. After 90 minutes of trip the traveler arrives at the main capital of Cliza. Cliza was an historical place during the pre-Columbus period.
Arriving at the “September 21st” main square of Cliza, it is the Carmen Madona`s church, Germán Jordán county patroness. Every 15 to 18 July  there is Carmen Madona`s feast. Also every  11 to 15 May there is the Saint Isidro Labarador feast. Both feasts  are very important in rural communities where farmers celebrate participating in the Llank’akuy ritual, that means “working ritual”.

At the “September 21st” main square of Cliza there is also the clock tower dating from 1912 and is considered the oldest in the region.

After the traveler took a refreshment, he is ready to visit the traditional chicha production place using corn grains.

The Cliza valley is well-known as “Sachchaa Mukku” that means “people who eat trees”. This Cliza valley  was region for diverse people like the Sapanas, Charcas, Aymaras, Quechuas, T’ockos.

Talking to local people, it is possible learn that the word Cliza comes from the Spanish conquistadors` pronunciation, that means: in trying to say ” Lisa ” pronounced ” Cliza ” referring to the courage and bravery of the native people

The lunch time In Cliza with the typical plates as the “Picana” and “Barbecue of Pigeon”. The “Picana” has as ingredient the pig meat, head, chicken and lamb; besides the tamales and the potatoes cooked during the whole night in oven of mud heated by firewood fire during long hours, until to remove the meats of the bones and to allow a flavorful broth of ingredients. The flavor flies to big distances .This traditional flavor can conquest the visitants at the lunch time around this place. This lunch has as drink the “cully chicha” or “yellow chichi”, even there are others drinks, but with “chichi drink”  is the culmination of this valley´s dish.
In order to make the Digestion, it is good to walk toward farm lands and to observe the cultivations of a lot of variety of corn, potato, bean, pea, wheat, peach and alfalfa grass. Cliza is considered as a region of high potentiality in the corn chain production and  small cattle.
Following this trip it is the exit from Cliza down town towards the Ucureña canton at 4 km, running on asphalted road from Cliza.  The name of Ucureña arises as many other names in the High Valley of Cliza, starting from the modification to a word for its environment or a characteristic, “Ucureña” word derives from “Ucuri”.

Arriving at the Ucureña historical museum and Corn museum, it is possible to observe: The First Agrarian Peasant Union of Bolivia in 1936. That it shows the pictures of the first leaders that organized an union for the first time inside of the country property (Santa Clara) and important leaders after the revolution of 1952. Other theme in this museum is the Industry in the High Valley.- Here there are tools and materials like hat, irons, “tocuyo” cotton material for clothes making, “tutumas” vessels for the chichi elaboration, soap, candles and besides daily objects used by people in the houses to prepare their foods. Another theme in the museum are the gears used in the farm time before to Agrarian  Reform.- the gear was used so much by the women and the men in the farm time before to Agrarian Reform, showing its flashlights, yoke , jars, the muk’u , the wasca , tie, hoes , sickles , the warak’a among other complementary objects used at that time.

Always inside the municipality of Cliza, this whole walk opens the appetite again, so in the afternoon you snack accompanied by delicious sodas and accompanied by the delicious corn tamales cooked in pot or in the oven. In this way the traveler is already to come back to Cochabamba city.

The cost of the walk includes: 

Transport private to go and come back and waiting
Feeding (breakfast, lunch)
Refreshment during the trekking (water and fruit)
Visit entrances to the mentioned tourist places
Interaction with the residents of the place stops taking of pictures, walk always inside the Cliza`s Municipality.
Depending on the visitors, there is a guide in Spanish, French language, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese.

The cost of the walk excludes: 

Mosquito Repellent
Sun Block
Cap for sun protection
Thick and hot Clothes against the cold and the wind
Extra trekking Shoes in case they are wet or smear the first trekking shoes
Socks, towel, bathroom clothes
Raincoat

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