An encounter with nature
An encounter with culture
In the Ladislao Cabrera province of Oruro province bordering South Lipez Potosi is the majestic volcano Thunupa.
Ladislao Cabrera is a province of the Department of Oruro which is southwest of the Department of Oruro, bordering south with Potosí and has a population of 14,851 inhabitants.
It consists of two municipalities: Salinas de Garci Mendoza and Pampa Aullagas.
The Villa Salinas de Garci Mendoza, the city of Spanish captain Jose Gutierrez de Garci Mendoza and nobles of Castile was founded in 1604 by captain said at the foot of the hills of San Pedro, San Pablo and Kjancha.
The main economic activity of Salinas de Garci Mendoza is agriculture, with crops of quinoa in different varieties and potatoes. The products obtained are chuño, Pitu and toasted, intended for domestic sale and consumption.
Ranching of Salinas de Garci Mendoza is characterized by raising camels, although some families have cattle. It obtained jerky, leather and fiber that made yarns and fabrics.
Ladislao Cabrera province is the largest producer of quinoa and export department of the so called golden grain. Their land is suitable for growing quinoa real. Producers have specialized in growing, natural pest control methods, and selection and production of quinoa.
Among the main attractions of the municipality of Salinas de Garci Mendoza is the colonial temple of Salinas de Garci Mendoza whose origin dates back to the sixteenth century, the Archaeological Museum Outdoor Alcaya, also Thunupa volcano (which you have a beautiful legend) The Salar de Uyuni mineral waters and flowering in the former Spanish Foundry, a short walk from town center.
Among the most intriguing attractions is the archaeological complex of Alcaya. This enigmatic territory is an archaeological site par excellence and natural open-air ethnographic museum. This archaeological site shows circular stone buildings, utensils, handicrafts and mummified human remains inside the buildings called chullpas. These mummified human remains correspond to a pre-Columbian and even pre-Inca culture, it is believed, it was dominant in the area.
The impressive mummies are accompanied by pottery, basketry and textiles. All this legacy belongs to the cultural group Quillacas Azanaques Late Intermediate Period (1200-1450 AD)
The large number of mummies in the mortuary towers or chulpas almost uncovered show the amount of people that existed in ancient times Alcaya.
In each chullpa are bodies of men and women who remain in large fetal state with a rope binding them to the ground. It is likely that low temperatures and low rainfall site party plaintiffs to preserve the mortuary remains of Alcaya.
Alcaya is nestled between two hills over 4000 meters. Alcaya to be a major producer of quinoa, there are stone silos for storing quinoa.
Alcaya reaching old houses that have small openings like windows on top of homes that use income to housing because the cold place requires that homes be seen almost closed.
In the region there Alcaya flowering cactus colorful. In summer the top of each floor there are wildflowers in red. These cacti have grown between cultural relics and impede the passage of tourists.
Regarding Thunupa volcano is said to be a sacred mountain revered by pre-Columbian, Inca and current primitive cultures. The Thunupa volcano is located south of the department of Oruro, whose height reaches 5432 m.s.n.m. is the limit with the Salar de Uyuni (Potosí Department). Its surroundings are home to flamingos, owls, foxes and flora that can survive in this rare and unique ecosystem.
To avoid confusion, it is necessary to clarify that the Salar de Thunupa, is located in the town of Salinas de Garci Mendoza, it becomes the main gateway to the unique Salar de Uyuni (which is at its greatest extent in the territory of Potosi ).
The Salar de Uyuni is surrounded by mountains that have beautiful and imposing cactus. According to geological studies, the maximum depth of the Salar de Thunupa is four to five meters. In the Salar de Thunupa, the salt crust is similar to that of Uyuni.
There is a legend of the formation of the Salar de Uyuni salt flat from Thunupa.
Legend of Thunupa “It is said that in ancient times Cuzco, Cosuña, Cora Cora, and Chillima, outstanding northeast of Salar de Uyuni volcanoes make our journeys to the valleys, to stock up on some products such as corn, fruits and others support their families, leading in turn to local produce flame back, as done so far. ”
“During these annual trips heartthrobs, they came to know the beautiful Thunupa, and have Cosuña was the first to fall in love, to live had a son. But over time the two lovers suffered from jealousy, born in Cosuña about your neighbor, Cuzco, and wanted to solve with wild fights between them. ”
“These events led to the abandonment of Thunupa and delivery of your child Cosuña, very similar to Thunupa color. Thus the beautiful woman began to have problems with their leading men of the plateau. ”
“Following the conflict between Cosuña and Cuzco; Cora Cora takes the opportunity to conquer women, are living together in a long journey. ”
“But as Thunupa chest was full of milk that her baby could not eat, he had to stop blasting at a place called Jyayo Khota. Beyond a hoyada today footprint is a white salt. “There’s salar Thunupa is formed and its extension form Salar de Uyuni.
The legend continues: “Already in the region of Salinas and Tagua, where he also lived not too long, filled with happiness, had purchased garments for Thunupa.”
“By the jealousy of Cora Cora this happiness was cut short.”
“Thunupa falls in love with a new beau, Chillima in the same region and, when they are determined to live, Cora Cora and Chillima face in a duel to the death. Chillima was well armed, even with a knife, now we can see how a small island in the salt that is called Blade. ”
“Chillima, kicking furiously Cora Cora and bladder bursts, leaving him mortally wounded. Until today still oozing water in its surroundings. ”
“Cora Cora, he was overcome by Chillima, demands Thunupa the sandals that had given him. Disdainful, he decides to return them arrojándoselas. Can still be something like two little hills like a pair of sandals, both sides are in the town of Salinas. ”
“After the contested bout Chillima, feeling victorious, it is right next to the beautiful woman, only separated by a small open. Thunupa full of milk that could not blow his father abandoned his child. Milk flowed in abundance constituting the great Uyuni. ”
For a full day ride is proposed after breakfast start from Uyuni. By midmorning we reach Alcaya within the municipality of Salinas de Garci Mendoza. The archaeological remains of the ancient Alcaya visited. It returns at noon for lunch at Alcaya a delicious typical dish from quinoa. After lunch he goes in search of Thunupa Volcano. He climbs to the crater of Volcano Thunupa is idle. Photos taken at the site and the Salar de Thunupa observed. By late afternoon we return to Alcaya and after a delicious hot snack is returned to Uyuni. On the way eyes revel in the landscape sunset. You arrive at Uyuni in the direct night to rest.
The cost of the tour includes:
Private transport or round – trip
or meals (breakfast, lunch)
Snack or during walks (water and fruit)
or Revenue to the above sights
o Interaction with the locals to take pictures,
o Depending on visitors, there is a guide in Spanish, French, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese.
The cost of the trip does not include:
or sunscreen Hat
or thick and warm clothes against the cold and wind
Extra running shoes or if they get wet or embarren first walking shoes
or Sox, towel, swimsuit